ESG is a measure of how well a company manages environmental, social and governance risks. ESG stands for Environmental, Social and Governance. The most popular type of ESG score is the Dow Jones Sustainability Index which ranks over 1,000 companies from different industries according to their performance in eight areas: environment, social responsibility, labor practices, product responsibility, governance, corruption prevention, economic viability and innovation.
ESG scores are often used as an investment tool by investors who have high ethical standards or sustainability goals. Some experts believe that ESGs should be considered when making any investment decision because they can provide insight into long-term financial risk management. In addition to evaluating the future prospects of the company being invested in (which includes traditional factors such as management, company growth and financial performance), ESG scores also give insight into environmental risk management, social impact and corporate governance.
What are ESG scores used for?
Many socially responsible investors (SRI) won’t invest in companies that don’t meet their ethical or sustainability criteria. A recent study shows that around $8 trillion of assets owned by SRI investors worldwide had at least one of four ESG criteria, more than 25% increase from the previous year.
Socially responsible investing is an investment strategy used to manage risk and identify new opportunities, while adhering to the principles of safety, diversity and inclusion. Socially responsible investments can be found in many areas, such as renewable energy or sustainable forestry. They can also be made through ESG scores that identify companies that have strong social and environmental performance so risks can be managed effectively.
What does ESG rating mean?
ESG ratings measure how well a company performs according to its own industry and sector peers on environmental, social and governance criteria. Ratings are often used by investors looking to track the performance of their investments over time, or as benchmarks for market comparisons. The ratings can be used for any type of investment, whether traditional assets like stocks, bonds and other funds or alternative assets such as private equity or unlisted infrastructure projects. Rating services provide information on specific issues like climate change, labor practice and corruption prevention. They also provide industry-specific guidance on topics like board diversity or supply chain risks.
The most widely used ESG score is the Dow Jones Sustainability Index (DJSI), which ranks over 1,000 companies from different industries according to social responsibility performance in eight areas: environment, social responsibility,
How do I get my ESG score?
To get an ESG score for your organization, you need to take a look at your current business activities and ask yourself several questions:
- Do we have hazardous materials in our products?
- Do our suppliers follow human rights standards?
- Are our employees paid fairly?
ESG scores vary from industry to industry, but for example, a construction company could get its ESG score by looking at the following factors:
- Number of hazardous chemicals in products (0-10)
- Number of suppliers that do not follow human rights standards (0-2)
- Percentage of employees with salaries below local minimum wage (0%-20%)
An ESG score for a transportation company could look at the following factors:
- Percentage of carbon emissions (0-100%)
- Extent to which employees are involved in decision making processes (1-5)
Getting your ESG score can seem complicated at first, but you only need to do it once for an entire organization. Thereafter, all you need to do is monitor your score every six months, so you can quickly see how you are doing.
Are ESG scores valid?
ESG scores are now considered a valid way of assessing how well companies manage their ESG risks. Many investors are interested in ESG scores as they want to invest responsibly. An organization with a high ESG score is likely to have sound risk management policies, strong ethical values and a long-term focus.
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Are investors the only group interested in an ESG score?
No, employees are also interested in ESG scores. Many companies have found that when they improve their ESG score, it boosts employee morale and drives retention rates. In the long term, this means lower recruiting costs and better business performance. They have also found employees engaging in measuring their own personal ESG scores.
In addition, governments are increasingly considering an organization’s ESG score when making procurement decisions. This is because a high ESG score is often associated with higher quality, skills and innovation.
What is a good ESG score?
Companies that have an ESG score of less than 50 are currently unable to get listed on the Dow Jones Sustainability Index. However, this will likely change in the future as ESG scores become more widely recognized.
What are some examples of how companies manage their environmental risks?
An organization can reduce environmental risks by, for example:
- Using renewable energy to power their facilities
- Investing in equipment that reduces greenhouse gas emissions
- Conducting a life cycle analysis on products before they are released onto the market. This means the company looks at all stages of manufacturing from production through distribution to end-of-life disposal and helps them reduce the amount of harmful chemicals and processes involved.
Companies that want to manage their environmental risks don’t necessarily have to make big changes to do it. It often makes good business sense to adopt a step-by-step approach.
What are some examples of how companies manage their labor practices risks?
An organization can manage its labor practices risks by, for example:
- Only using suppliers who pay employees a living wage and treat them fairly
- Investing in training to help employees develop their skills
- Companies often reduce labor practices risks by regularly testing their products for child or slave labor.
Some companies choose to invest in local communities, rather than directly reducing labor risks, as it can have positive effects on ESG scores. For example, a company could decide to provide jobs and skills training in the local community to decrease labor practices risk.
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What are some examples of how companies manage their social risks?
An organization can manage its social risks by, for example:
- Providing opportunities for employees to grow within the company
- Making sure that all stakeholders are involved when decisions are made about policies affecting them
- Ensuring that products and services do not discriminate against any particular group
Reducing social risks can often lead to positive effects on ESG scores. For example, if the company makes a concerted effort to recruit workers with disabilities, this could increase their score in terms of labor practices and employment.
What are some examples of how companies manage their governance risks?
An organization can manage its governance risks by, for example:
- ensuring that the company has appropriate procedures in place for clear and transparent communication with its stakeholders, investors, and employees
- ensuring that there are effective policies to manage conflicts of interest among its employees, or among employees and shareholders
- ensuring that there is a clear understanding of the company’s strategies and objectives so that all relevant business divisions are working towards a unified goal
Improving transparency of decision making can also help to manage governance. For example, the company could improve transparency by:
- holding an annual general meeting with shareholders so that they can ask questions about how the company is run and vote on important matters
- increasing the availability of information for investors, such as publicizing its financial reports or providing regular updates on how it is performing compared
- Improve transparency in how they report on governance performance elements
Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) has published guidelines for reporting on corporate responsibility with 16 sections in total under three categories of economic development, social development and environmental protection.
A company can also help manage governance risks by “managing conflicts of interest, making board appointments based on candidates’ skills and prior experience; protecting human rights; and developing a culture in which it is clear that the highest standards of corporate behavior are expected.”
What are some examples of how companies manage their innovation risks?
An organization can manage its innovation risks by, for example:
- Encouraging a culture of creativity and innovation in employees so that they can propose new ideas for products or services
- Having an appropriate structure in place to make sure that new ideas are properly considered as they develop
- investing in research and development to test out new ideas and maximize their chances of success
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What are some advantages of ESG Scores?
Some advantages to having an ESG score are that companies might choose to invest in a company with a good ESG score, which means more money for the better company. It also can help companies avoid scandals and boycotts from consumers who care about these issues by getting the best information.
What are some of the disadvantages of ESG Scores?
Disadvantages would include the time/cost to set up an ESG score. It can also be difficult for companies who don’t have much in the way of sustainability practices.
What is the highest ESG score?
The highest ESG score is a 100. But it is no as much about the highest score as it is about how to work toward improving a score and building a sustainable future.
What is the lowest ESG score?
The lowest ESG score would be 0. An example of a company with a very low ESG score would be fossil fuel companies who receive lots of negative press because of their environmental impact and political lobbying to prevent climate change policies.
How can an ESG Score be improved?
ESG scores stay up if companies continue to strive for sustainable practices and build them into their core missions and strategies. For example, a company might decide that it wants to try and use sustainable sources of energy. Then they would have to set up a way to track and monitor their use of energy and the sources that they are using. Then they would try to create a sustainable strategy for each type of energy that they use.
How can ESG Scores be improved by investors and consumers?
Investors and consumers can help companies improve their ESG scores by checking out how a company has been doing in the past and pushing for sustainable practices. For example, a consumer would be interested in buying from a company who sources their materials sustainably or invests in renewable energy. An investor would try to get his/her money into companies that have good ESG scores because they are likely to do better financially while also helping the world.
Who is the best ESG data provider?
The best ESG data provider is MSCI. MSCI’s ESG scores are used by the world’s largest managers of ESG-integrated portfolios, including BlackRock and JPMorgan Asset Management.
Founded in 1969, MSCI provides equity, fixed income, hedge fund stock indexes and multi-asset class indices. The firm is headquartered in New York with more than 12,000 employees in 27 countries including a research staff of 1,400 and is a subsidiary of Morgan Stanley. MSCI also owns Russell Investments, which is responsible for the Russell 2000 Index and Russell Global Indexes that are used to measure the performance of small-cap stocks and global markets, respectively.
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How do you calculate an ESG Score?
They rate companies on eight key areas: environment, social responsibility, labor practices, product responsibility, governance, corruption prevention, economic viability and innovation.
1. How is each area scored?
Each category is given a score between 0 and 100 based on the company’s performance in that category. A score of 100 means that the company is doing very well in that category and is an example for all other companies to follow. There are three different types of scores: absolute, relative and scoring band.
- Absolute Score: This score is based only on the information about the company in a given area.
- Relative Score: This score is compared to the industry benchmark.
- Scoring Band: This score is similar to a letter grade, with A being the best and F being the worst.
2. How are companies scored within each area?
Each company is scored based on what they have been doing in that specific area. Someone from MSCI will go through all publicly available information and research about a company to get the most accurate ESG score possible.
3. What are some limitations of using ESG scores?
People have been complaining that many companies don’t disclose the information needed to give them an accurate ESG score. Also, these types of scores can be biased towards westernized countries which have more consumer protection laws.
In conclusion on ESG performance
In conclusion, ESG scores are a way for companies to show that they have good practices in the areas of environmental, social and governance. These scores also help investors who want to put their money towards companies who have moral business practices. They can be especially helpful for smaller companies because many people won’t purchase things from them if they don’t have the best practices.
Caveats, disclaimers & ESG ratings
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