SASB stands for the Sustainability Accounting Standards Board. This is a voluntary, non-profit global organization that promotes sustainability accounting and reporting practices. It was established in 2010 by the leading organizations in the natural resources sector to develop and uphold standards for natural resource companies to use in their sustainability reporting.
The natural resources sector consists of companies that make their money from oil, gas, coal, timber and other non-renewable resources. It is one of the oldest forms of businesses in the world with direct ties to ancient cultures trading various goods. The modern version has roots in the 1700’s when the weather started to have a noticeable impact on the harvesting of timber. Many different countries around the world are members of the SASB including Japan, Norway, Qatar, Russia, Saudi Arabia, USA, UK and many others. There are over 140 publicly traded companies that have signed onto Sasb’s initiative so far.
What are the Benefits of SASB Standards?
The benefits of having a global, common language of measuring sustainability can be used to benefit investors and companies by:
• Helps businesses understand their full environmental footprint
• Increases transparency of reporting practices throughout the industry
• Allows for easier comparison of companies when reporting
• Promotes increased awareness and stewardship
• Encourages innovation within an industry
What is the history SASB?
Lately, concerns for the environment have been shifting from just being eco-friendly to becoming more financially responsible as well. In 2012, SASB decided it would be best to separate from The Natural Resources Defense Council and become an independent organization. Its mission was redesigned as to focus on sustainability standards specifically for the natural resources industry.
Today, SASB is considered to be a leader in sustainability accounting and reporting practices within its field. It has been influential in developing international standards for companies from around the world who engage in sustainability reporting. You can find a list of these accounts on their website, which also includes information about how they rate company performance.
What does the sustainability accounting standards board do?
The SASB provides a number of comprehensive reports highlighting the most important issues confronting the natural resource industry. They also provide a variety of metrics to allow investors and stakeholders to track progress over time. In addition, they offer third-party assurance services for corporate reporting on sustainability metrics. But who sets these goals is a different story.
In order for corporations making disclosures with the SASB to maintain trust with their stakeholders, they must first satisfy the SASB’s criteria and complete an engagement process before submitting any documents to be formally considered as compliant by the SASB. The engagement process includes external assurance by a third-party auditor and at least two levels of internal verification processes.
After this, the SASB will convene the SRO (Sustainability Accounting Standards Board Regulatory Oversight Committee) to review all disclosures and recommend whether or not they should be considered for compliance with SEC reporting requirements.
What is the Sasb materiality map?
The materiality map is a tool developed by SASB for sustainability reporting. It enables companies to identify the most pertinent data for reporting and measure their value of natural resources, or what is known as natural capital. The materiality map is divided into six categories.
Each of these six categories is divided into further subcategories, each with a list of data that can be used to assess natural capital. By identifying the most pertinent information within each category, companies are able to prioritize which data they need and ultimately more effectively quantify and communicate their sustainability efforts. The six categories are then divided into 24 issues, which are further divided into 117 categories of natural capital.
Within each category, a list of indicators is provided. Natural resources are assigned a score from one to three depending on how material they are to the company’s operations. One indicates low materiality and three signifies high materiality. In addition to this, companies can also show their progress towards improving natural capital management by using arrows between each indicator for each category.
What is ESG Sasb?
ESG SASB is the acronym for Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) Sustainable Accounting Standards Board. The mission of ESG Sasb is to develop and uphold global standards for natural resource companies in their sustainability reporting practices.
What is the difference between SASB and the global reporting initiative GRI?
SASB defines sustainability as the ability to meet the needs of the present without compromising the needs of future generations. GRI, on the other hand, is an international organization that provides sustainability reporting guidelines for companies. It was created in 1990 by major groups in European business and has become a global reference standard for corporate sustainability.
One of SASB’s aims with its standards is to reduce confusion about what information should be reported on. GRI instead defines which measurements are most important with its guidelines. The two are different with SASB providing global standards whereas GRI provides guidance for specific regions or industries.
How many companies use SASB?
As of now, the following companies are voluntary SASB Company Members: Alcoa Corporation, ArcelorMittal, Cargill, Inc., Emera Inc., EnCana Corporation Ltd., ExxonMobil Corporation, General Electric Corporation, International Paper Company, Lafarge SA. ConocoPhillips, NRG Energy Inc., Rio Tinto and Waste Management, Inc.
What are the different types of standards?
There are three SASB standards: The Natural Capital Protocol Standard, the Materiality Assessment Standard, and the Data Quality Assessment Standard.
The Natural Capital Protocol Standard defines the frameworks for reporting on natural capital. It was developed by the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) and The Nature Conservancy (TNC).
The Materiality Assessment Standard consists of two sub-standards: the Materiality Guidance, which provides guidance to organizations on determining what information should be included in their sustainability reports, and the Materiality Matrix, which provides guidance on how information should be prioritized.
The Data Quality Assessment Standard helps companies identify areas of improvement for their data quality. It was developed by the TBL Group in collaboration with SASB.
We would also recommend you read Guide to ESG Investing
What are some challenges associated with natural capital reporting?
Natural capital is often difficult to value because it is not traded in the marketplace, and there are currently no generally accepted ways to measure renewable natural resource supply. This makes it challenging for companies to determine if their actions and decisions will leave enough resources for future generations.
You might also be interested in reading What is the Global Reporting Initiative?
The Benefits of SASB reports
The SASB provides a basis for the standardization of sustainability reports. The SASB is meant to assist investors, governments, and corporate stakeholders in understanding sustainability performance. The SASB believes that the only way the world will be able to confront environmental issues is by assessing them together. In order to be able to do this, they need a common language and a common set of measurements that everyone can use.
There are a lot of benefits for SASB members. The largest benefit is that SASB’s compliance with reporting standards will be increased and it will build confidence in your company sustainability reporting processes. It will also be easier to compare the reports from various companies, making them more reliable. Companies can also use SASB’s reporting requirements in order to lower penalties from the SEC due to the lack of consistency in their sustainability reports.
However, the major benefit is that SASB’s standards give companies an opportunity to show their stakeholders how they are reducing their environmental impact. By complying with the SASB’s reporting standards, companies will receive increased efficiencies and lower costs in order to implement systems for data collection and consistency. On top of all this, SASB has created a new standard for the social responsibility of public companies, which will lead to transparency in production and the supply chain.
Does SASB give ratings?
The SASB oversees a Management, Reporting and Assessment Framework (MRAS) to help organizations create their sustainability reports. The MRAS framework helps companies develop performance indicators, social and environmental metrics, as well as measurements for materials use and waste to produce sustainability reports.
The data from these reports are considered against standards to measure the company’s environmental performance. These standards are called Performance Standards for Sustainability Reporting at the SASB. They provide a “Global Reporting Framework” by assigning labels that identify different levels of sustainability reporting competence, including disclosures about ESG issues in Standard Disclosure Statements (SDS). Finally, they also explore new technologies facilitating sustainable management through a topical brief on emerging developments in resource accounting.
Who uses SASB?
The SASB has been met with a variety of challenges that have arisen due to the global nature of the organization. This includes coordination between various deadlines, which happen at different times around the world; maintaining uniform standards for transparency requirements; and adapting to new developments.
SASB is less like a public sector standard-setting body, like NIST or ISO, and more like an independent standards body similar to ASTM International (which develops standards for materials), or IEC (which develops standards for electrical and electronic equipment). It has over 100 private sector members from all around the world, as well as several public sector organizations that serve as observers on its board of directors.
Are SASB Standards mandatory?
The SASB Standards are not mandatory. The goal is to help companies make their sustainability reporting more transparent and consistent. Standards are developed by the SASB in cooperation with global industry associations, including the International Organization for Standardization (ISO).
What are the SASB Standards?
The SASB has three different types of standards to help businesses report on their sustainability performance. The first set is the Life-Cycle Based Standards™ (LCBS™), which can be used to track a company’s cumulative environmental impacts across all product life cycle stages, including raw materials, manufacturing, transportation and customer use. The second set is the Sustainability Indicator Standards™ (SIS™), which can be used to report on a company’s environmental impacts at each stage of a product life-cycle. The third type is the Sustainability Metrics Standards™ (SMS™), which are used to report on a company’s financial performance.
How do investors use SASB?
The SASB ensures transparency through their standards giving investors a way of understanding how company’s are reducing their environmental impacts. The major benefit of the SASB is the chance for companies to report on how they are reducing their environmental impacts while developing new tools for data collection.
In order to comply with the SASB’s reporting standards, companies will receive increased efficiencies and lower costs in order to implement systems for data collection and consistency. The SASB has also created a structure for reporting on ESG metrics, which will not only benefit investors and companies, but communities as well. Investors can rely on the SASB to make sure companies are reporting on their environmental impacts across all stages of the products life cycle. This helps investors compare products and see if one company is having a larger impact on the environment than another.
What is an ESG score?
ESG is an acronym for Environmental, Social and Governance factors. ESG scoring refers to the process of quantifying the respective strengths and weaknesses of a company relative to these three factors. The higher number represents better performance.
To expand on those a little, the Environmental elements of ESG include:
- Impact on human health, including the possible effects of its products or services
- Impact on natural resources and processes, such as waste management
- Its ability to effectively manage these relative to its industry norms
Social elements of ESG include:
- Diversity in workforce
- Community impact
- Policies and practices that support the local community
Governance elements of ESG include:
- Integrity of management or board
- Corporate political activity or “pay to play” practices
- Executive compensation relative to company performance.
The lower number represents weaker performance. An ESG score is most often produced using an assessment tool such as the MSCI ACWI Low Carbon Target or JSE SRI Index.
In conclusion on the international integrated reporting council
In conclusion, the Sustainability Accounting Standards Board work to make sure companies are reporting their environmental impacts in a clear and consistent way. They do this by developing standards to help investors understand how companies are reducing their environmental impacts while saving them time, money, and resources. This is important because it helps investors look at ESG scores and see how companies are performing relative to others. SASB also ensures that communities can benefit from this as well by making it clear for those who want to invest in the right companies.
Caveats, disclaimers from the climate disclosure standards board
At ESG | The Report, we believe that we can help make the world a more sustainable place through the power of education. We have covered many topics in this article and want to be clear that any reference to, or mention of international integrated reporting council and their global reporting initiative or financially material sustainability issues with SASB metrics in the context of this article is purely for informational purposes and not to be misconstrued as investment or any other legal advice or an endorsement of any particular company or service. We highly recommend that investors use a financial advisor, certified financial planner or investment professional before entering the markets.
Thank you for reading, and we hope that you found this article useful in your quest to understand ESG and sustainable business practices. We look forward to building a sustainable world with you.