The ISO 27001 certification process is a set of standards that help organizations protect their data from being hacked. You can use it to help you reach your IT security goals! If you have an IT security goal, the ISO 27001 certification process is one of the best ways to achieve it. Many companies invest in this certification because they understand that it will help their business grow by adding protection against cyberattacks. And this will also make your company more sustainable and attractive to ethical investors.
- What is involved in ISO 27001 certification audit?
- Who should get ISO 27001 certification for risk assessment?
- What is the cost of ISO 27001 certification?
- What is the benefit of ISO 27001 certification?
- How long does ISO 27001 certification body take?
- What is the ISO 27001 certification process?
- How is ISO 27001 certification obtained?
- How long has ISO 27001 been around?
- How long does it take to get ISO 27001 certification?
- Can an individual be ISO 27001 certified?
- How many stages are in the ISO 27001 certification process?
- How long will each stage take?
- What will you need to do to complete each stage?
- What are some common risk factors that companies face for ISO 27001 certification?
- How do you manage ISO 27001 certification risk factors?
- What types of information does ISO 27001 protect?
- What types of data is protected during the ISO 27001 certification process?
- How many controls are there in ISO 27001?
- What is an ISO 27001 Stage 1 audit?
- What is an ISO 27001 Stage 2 audit?
- What is an ISO 27001 Stage 3 audit?
- What are the 14 domains of ISO 27001?
- Who provides CISSP certification?
- What is the difference between CISSP and ISO 2701?
- Caveats, disclaimers & an information security management system
What is involved in ISO 27001 certification audit?
The first step in getting certified is identifying which sections apply to your organization and then assessing what risks exist for those sections. The next step would be implementing controls and procedures to mitigate those risks before applying for a certificate on a yearly basis or as needed when changes are made within the company’s operations or systems. Remember, there are three types of certificates to choose from:
The first is the full certificate, which covers all aspects of an organization’s operations. The second is the Managed Certification, which covers specific areas of your operations that are outsourced to a third party. And third is the Partial Certificate for new implementations or updated information only.
As more businesses become aware of the security risks that exist in today’s world, more and more are opting to implement a certified Information Security Management System.
Who should get ISO 27001 certification for risk assessment?
ISO 27001 certification is used by companies of all sizes because of the following benefits it offers:
1) Security audits are easier than before. The standard includes guidelines on how to write every specification correct the first time, which means that auditors need not worry about having to make corrections.
2) The process is more streamlined, as an organization only needs one set of documentation instead of several. This reduces the time spent on paperwork and lets a company focus on its digital security.
3) Implementation is faster because a business doesn’t need to create multiple compliance documents from scratch or change them constantly. It can simply use one set of documents to meet compliance requirements.
4) It’s difficult for management to overlook the IT security process when it has a clear structure, which helps protect information from cyberattacks. That way, people don’t accidentally share sensitive data with the wrong person or fail to report incidents that could compromise sensitive information.
5) Cyberattacks may be deterred because businesses implement proven processes for their entire IT security program, which means that there’s no room for error at any point in the standard. People know what to do and when they should do it.
6) Success depends on people who are interested in following the rules set out in ISO 27001. If people decide to ignore the rules, it can lead to serious data loss down the line, which is why companies should take the time to train their employees on each step of this standard’s implementation.
7) The certification process can help businesses save money by reducing physical safety costs (like IT security software and other services that protect data) and by saving time on non-security printed materials. This saves businesses money on product development, since they can spend more of their budget on their core services.
8) One of the best things about ISO 27001 certification is that it doesn’t require companies to make major changes to their existing IT security systems. This makes it easier for small businesses to get certified than if they had to revamp their entire system first.
An ISO 27001 Certification can be achieved by an unsupervised certification body or supervised by the national accreditation body of a country, based on the national standard called PAS 99 (Publicly Available Specification).
What is the cost of ISO 27001 certification?
There are many different costs when it comes to ISO 27001 certification. The most important thing you will need to consider is the overall cost of a project management solution. Regardless, hiring an accredited consultant with a vast amount of experience in data security and risk management is your best bet for avoiding any unnecessary expenses.
What is the benefit of ISO 27001 certification?
The primary benefits for a company will include improvements in data security and risk management. By having an independent and impartial review, you can assure customers without a doubt that your company is taking their safety seriously and the protection of their personal information. Overall customer satisfaction will increase because they know that there is a method to the madness of your security system.
How long does ISO 27001 certification body take?
This depends entirely on the company and the resources that they have available. By implementing a project management solution, you can effectively ensure that everyone will be working together towards a common goal rather than going in separate directions. This means less time waiting and more time solving any issues that arise.
What is the ISO 27001 certification process?
The standard process for a certified company will require an accreditation review of the following:
Documentation Management Policies, Procedures, and Practices Operational Controls Technical Security Management Business Continuity Planning Risk Assessment The Physical Protection System Service Delivery Management Continuous Monitoring & Improvement
This may seem like a lot of work, but with the right tools and technology along with an accredited consultant, you can do it.
How is ISO 27001 certification obtained?
The process of obtaining ISO 27001 certification is generally more straightforward than some other certifications have been in the past. You will need to prove that you follow the standards and that you have implemented a project management solution. A review will be conducted by one of the accredited auditing companies and if they approve, you can begin using your ISO 27001 certification.
How long has ISO 27001 been around?
ISO 27001 was first released in 2005 with revisions coming in 2008 and 2013. It has been one of the more popular standards for data protection since its release.
How long does it take to get ISO 27001 certification?
Typically, you will receive certification in around 10 months, once you start the process.
Can an individual be ISO 27001 certified?
Yes. There are many companies that offer the service of “training” you for ISO 27001 certification, however there is no regulation preventing you from taking it on your own time and passing the exam without their assistance.
How can I recognize an organization that offers ISO 27001 certification?
ISO 27001 certification bodies will typically use terms like “ISO 27001-certified”, “ISO 27001 accredited” or “ISO 27001 compliant”.
How many stages are in the ISO 27001 certification process?
In order to qualify for ISO 27001 certification, you must pass through all of the following stages:
- Preliminary Stage: This covers the first steps of the certification process and can be completed by filling out an application form, along with other requirements.
- Internal Stage: This is done during the internal preparation phase of ISO 27001 certification and covers everything that you need to do internally before auditing begins.
- External Stage: After all relevant parties have completed the Internal Stage, you must complete the External Stage, where your company is audited by a third party.
How long will each stage take?
The time required for each process depends on the size of the business and any difficulties that may arise during the certification process. For example, the Internal Stage may go longer than expected if you have to completely revise your information security policies.
The time needed for each stage also varies depending on the certifying body that certifies your company. For example, some companies may require more internal work or need to pass additional stages before receiving ISO 27001 certification.
What will you need to do to complete each stage?
It’s important to remember that passing through stages does not guarantee that your company will receive certification. The only way to achieve this is through the completion of each stage and then passing an audit.
At the Preliminary Stage, you must fill out a set of documents, including your company’s business profile and information security policies. If you’re applying to certain certifying bodies, requirements may be more extensive than this; for example, some require that you give additional details on your business, such as a description of your business structure and details on the number of employees.
In order to complete the Internal Stage, you must conduct an information audit, which covers all areas of network security, from how data is handled to what training senior management has received. You’ll then work with a consultant to create a gap analysis report that will help you implement control improvements.
You must also produce a number of other documents to pass the Internal Stage, including an information security policy manual and controls implementation plan.
The External Stage involves passing an audit, during which your company will be evaluated on all of the requirements that were specified at the Preliminary and Internal Stages. Afterwards, you’ll receive your ISO 27001 certification by submitting the necessary documentation.
At this point, your company will be completely certified. However, it’s important to remember that you must continue to monitor and maintain compliance with the standard every year after receiving certification.
What are some common risk factors that companies face for ISO 27001 certification?
The most common risks that organizations face include disruption, new workforce technologies, and change management. The process for managing these risks is broken down into three steps: create, implement, and evaluate.
Disruption: An attack or natural disaster that causes you to lose your IT systems for a certain amount of time. Denial of service attacks are one example.
New workforce technologies: Technological changes can be a threat to your network if you’re not prepared. Think of the Y2K scare when people were preparing for an entire year that would start with two digits instead of four (19XX rather than 20XX). There was speculation that the programming languages available at the time could have trouble going from 99 to 00.
Change management: This is the process by which you take people through any updates or changes that are required to your infrastructure.
How do you manage ISO 27001 certification risk factors?
In turn, each of the management issues can be broken down into create, implement, and evaluate. For example, disruption management would have a create step, an implement step, and an evaluate step. An example of this might be to create a network backup plan, implement the backup of your data on an external storage system for use in case of emergency, and evaluate the impact your backups have had.
Another example is new workforce technologies. A create step would be to train yourself and/or others on how to access new systems effectively. An implement step might be migrating information from old systems to new systems. An evaluate step would be to plan for future updates, should they become necessary.
Change management has the same breakdown into create, implement, and evaluate steps. A create step might be creating a training program that employees can utilize when learning how to use new equipment or programs. An implement step might be arranging safety meetings where employees can communicate any questions or concerns they have about the changes taking place. An evaluate step might look at future updates and how prepared you are for them.
What types of information does ISO 27001 protect?
ISO 27001 protects an organization’s data, whether it be PII (personally identifiable information), PHI (protected health information), financial data, intellectual property, or trade secrets.
What types of data is protected during the ISO 27001 certification process?
The information that needs to be protected includes: Information required for decision making and information which has a strong impact on an organization if lost. Information which needs protection due to legal requirements and other reasons. The not-public information used in general operations e.g. organizational structure, client lists etc.
How many controls are there in ISO 27001?
There are 27 controls under the ISO 27001. Each control deals with a specific area of information security. To earn your certification, you need to check every box. They include, but are not limited to, confidentiality, availability, integrity and also include contractual requirements.
What is an ISO 27001 Stage 1 audit?
An ISO 27001 stage 1 audit is the first step of the ISO 27001 certification . It is also known as initial certification audits. It focuses on the most important processes in your company, but it is just a “light” audit. It will take between 10 and 15 days to analyse. This audit has two main steps:
The documents are reviewed by an auditor who is chosen by the certification body (CB) . He will check if there are any gaps or problems with your system. The auditor is not allowed to suggest improvements, but he can give feedback on how good your system is.
The second step of the audit consists in a desk audit . A desk audit consists in an analysis of your documents. The auditor will look to discover potential gaps in your documentation by looking at the procedures you have defined. For example, when you define the approval process, you should define who approves the document, under what conditions and with which level of authority. The goal is to see if there are any weaknesses in your ISO 27001 implementation. Finally, you will know the potential strengths and weaknesses of your system by looking at these documents.
This phase aims at finding out whether implementing ISO 27001 will meet your organization’s objectives. It will be a step you will not regret!
What is an ISO 27001 Stage 2 audit?
The objective of the IS0 27001 stage 2 audit is to validate the implementation of your system. This process can last from 12 to 20 months and it consists of several audits that are performed by different auditors. Each audit will focus on a specific part of your system and can last from a few days up to a few weeks, depending on the scope.
You have to prepare for it very well because if you fail one of these audits , this could be a risk for your whole certification process. The auditor will check whether you have implemented all the security controls according to the ISO 27001 standard.
Once you have passed all the audits, your certification will be awarded and you can display the ISO 27001 certificate on your company’s website, products or marketing materials.
What is an ISO 27001 Stage 3 audit?
It is a continuation of your ISO 27001 certification process and you should think of it as an extension to the stage 2 audits: The organization, policies and procedures will be analysed one more time. However, this audit lasts two times the duration than the normal stage 2 audits. During this phase, actions taken in response to recommendations from earlier audits will be reviewed.
What are the 14 domains of ISO 27001?
The 14 domains of ISO 27001 are:
1) Asset management
2) Security policies, plans and procedures
3) Human resource security
4) Physical security, facilities and environmental protection
5) Asset identification, acquisition and development
6) Access control and authorization
7) Information systems acquisition, development and maintenance* (The ISO 27001 standard does not explicitly mention this domain. It should be read as an implied requirement for any good security policy, as this is a vital factor in the protection of the information system)
8) Communication and operations management
9) Information security incident management
10) Business continuity management
11) Access control management* (read as above*)
12) System maintenance
14) Cooperation with the certification body
* The ISO 27001 standard does not explicitly mention this domain. To be compliant, you must ensure that there are controls in place to manage access control and authorization throughout the information system from a single point of reference.
** To become certified, you have to meet some requirements defined by the international organization as well as the specific requirements defined by the certification body.
Who provides CISSP certification?
CISSP certification is provided by the International Information Systems Security Certification Consortium, or more commonly known as (ISC)². It is managed by the Center for Credentialing Excellence under the control of Prometric Testing Services. CISSP is a globally recognized certification that has been given to more than 90,000 individuals from 165 different countries.
What is the difference between CISSP and ISO 2701?
The difference between CISSP and ISO 27001 certification is that the latter is for the entire organization, while the former focuses on an individual’s knowledge in information security. For example, you can get ISO 27001 certification for your company, but you can also get CISSP if you work in the information security department of any organization.
Caveats, disclaimers & an information security management system
At ESG | The Report, we believe that we can help make the world a more sustainable place through the power of education. We have covered many topics in this article and want to be clear that any reference to, or mention of internal audit vs internal audits, certification process and a risk treatment plan, information security risk assessment or how to determine clients intent in the context of this article is purely for informational purposes and not to be misconstrued as investment or any other legal advice or an endorsement of any particular company or service. Neither ESG | The Report, it’s contributors or their respective companies or any of its members gives any warranty with respect to the information herein, and shall have no responsibility for any decisions made, or action taken or not taken which relates to matters covered by ESG | The Report. Thank you for reading, and we hope that you found this article useful in your quest to understand ESG and sustainable business practices. We look forward to living in a sustainable world. Please also see our article outlining a related topic of CFA ESG investing certificate.
Research & Curation
Dean Emerick is a curator on sustainability issues with ESG The Report, an online resource for SME’s and Investment professionals focusing on ESG principles. Their primary goal is to help middle market companies automate Impact Reporting with ESG Software. Leveraging the power of AI, machine learning and AWS to transition to a sustainable business model. Serving clients in the United States, Canada, Uk, Europe and the global community. If you want to get started, don’t forget to Get the Checklist! ✅